dans la liste du menu déroulant ci-dessous
L'asthme est appelé "Tamaka
dans l'Ayurvéda et il est considéré
l'affection respiratoire la plus dangeureuse. Elle résulte
réaction du corps à un ou plusieurs
se manifèste au niveau des poumons et des bronches.
During an attack of Bronchial Asthma you have to literally gasp for
every breath - breathing out being more difficult than breathing in,
since the air cannot be
properly driven out of the lungs before you have to take another
breath. For chronic patients these
frequent attacks, specially in the night or early morning, are often
preceded by nasal congestion
Either allergy inducing factors as weather conditions, dust, food,
drugs, perfumes, pollution etc. or psychological factors as deep-seated
emotional insecurity, an
intense need for parental love etc. or hereditary / genetic factors.
Herbs Tulsi (Ocimum sanctum) Vasak (Adhatoda vasika)
Ayurvedic Suppliments Vasavaleh Kanakasav Talisadi Churna
Diet A limited quantity of carbohydrates, fats and proteins. A liberal
alkali-forming foods - fresh fruits, green vegetables, sprouted seeds
Avoid foods which tend to produce phlegm - rice, sugar, lentils and
difficult-to-digest foods - strong tea, coffee, alcoholic beverages,
pickles, sauces and all refined and processed foods.
Lifestyle Avoid excess humidity Avoid exposure to dust, fumes &
Check your allergens
Yoga Half Wheel (Ardha Chakrasana) Bow (Dhanura Asana)
Virechan Chikitsa in Tamakshwas (Asthma)
By - Dr.Deepak Taralekar.
Nowadays shwas(Asthma ) is one of the major diseases
that causes more medical emergencies. Many factors are
to be an increasing factors of the disease.Increased
chemicals used in various factories,overpopulation,pollution are
According to Ayurvedic concepts, asthma is considered as
Shwas -Rog . And it is mainly divided in 5 types.
Tamak Shwas : Tamak means darkness . During the attack patient feels dark,black
in front of
his eyes,He cant see anything and becomes breathless .
Tamak shwas is' Yappya' i.e.
many times it becomes an emergency and finally causes to death
the patient. As it is supposed to be Yappya , but when there are
recurrent attacks ,remains long period without the proper
it becomes 'Asadhya' means uncurable.
Tamak shwas is aslo divided in 2 subtypes
A) Santamak-In which fever and fainting are the associated
This is aggrevated in night.
B) Pratamak-Caused by psychological factors , and patient can
get relief with
cold air,cold food.
Due to increased Kaph dosha, Strotorodh in Pranvaha Strotas
(blockage in the
respiratory systems), natural direction of the Vata is blocked
and blocked Vata dosh is
reversly directed (Pratilom Vayu).Due to Vat dosha dryness is
and natural lubrication is disturbed hence causes the
difficulty in breathing.
Breathing becomesd stressful, effortful,noisy ,rate of
respiration is increased
And patient feels difficulty in natural process of breathing.
Chikitsa [Treatment ] of Tamakshws :
According to ayurvedic concepts, tratment is divided in two
major types . First is Shaman chikitsa , in which disease
factors (doshas) are suppressed. And second is the 'Shodhan
in which doshas are removed from the body.
In this topic we are discussing about the Shodhan Chikitsa
for the Tamakshwas.
Shodhan Chikitsa of Tamak-shwas : Virechan (Purgation)
It is considered to be the main treatment factor. If in the
chikitsa the doshas are removed from GI system (Annavaha
strotas),it is helpful for
the respiratory system . How ?
Let us see what happens when we
give Virechan in Tamak-Shwas .
1) Virechan is suggested as a safe than the Vaman chikitsa (In
doshas are removed from the mouth with the help of vomitting )in
Because in Vaman chikitsa direction of the doshas is upwards and
it is same as
a direction of doshas in the disease .Side effects of Vaman
cause difficulty for breathing to patient.and hence
will be increased .
2) Before the Virechan we give Snehan and swedan (Lubricating
it aslo helps for liquification of the doshas ,Hence after this
the doshas are
removed easily from the body without difficulty to patient.
3)In Tamakshwas main dosha (causing factor of the disease) is
be 'Kapha dosha ' and Origin of the kapha dosha is supposed to
(stomach). In upper half of stomach Kaph is major and lower
half' Pitta dosh'
is major . When we give the Virechan chikitsa , both this doshas
one by one (firstly Pitta and secondly Kapha) . Hence the
of the disease is broken , Obstruction is controlled and
the systems) is vanished .
4)Generally in Tamak shwas attack is in the early morning or
Both these periods are supposed to be time of Pitta prasar-kal
(that means pitta
dosha is prominant at this time and ready to transfer. So it
can be easily
removed with the help of Virechan) .
5) Virechan is also supposed to be the secondary treatment of
and Kaph dosha is the main causing factor of the Shwas.
6) Origin of the shwas rog is at the (Phupusa) lungs.
Lungs are orginated from the frothing of the blood (Ayurvedic
concepts of the
origin of the organs)
"SHONITPHEN PRABHAVA PHUPPUSA :
RAKTA PITTA ASHRAYIBHAVA " - Shushruta
As rakta (blood) and Pitta are supportive to each oters both
pured with the Virechan -Shodhan chikitsa.
Tamak shwas-( Shaman chikitsa):
There are many ayurvedic preparations used seccessfully for
treatment of the asthma.
Emergency treatment - Hemabhrasindur mixture is supposed to be
an emergency treatment in shwas .
- 1) shwaskuthar Ras
- 2) Kumari Asav
- 4)Sitopaladi Churna
- 5)Bruhatvatchintamni ras
- 6)sameerpannag .
- 7)Vardhaman Pippali rasayan.
Asthma (Shwas Roga)
In today's stressful modern
urbanised living, incidence of Asthma is considerably increasing. The
rapid industrialisation ,excessive crowding ,Increasing pollution are
some of the factors responsible for this increase in incidence of
It has been stated that 15% of Indian population suffers from Asthma
and in developed countries like USA every year there is 10% increase of
Every now and then we come across patients of Asthma seeking Ayurvedic
treatment and advice. This is because of the versatile approach of
Ayurveda to root cause of the problem and it's belief in preventing the
disease rather than treating it.
Ayurvedic Concept : In Ayurveda, Asthma is known as 'Swas Roga'
Samprapti (Pathogenesis) : The
vitiated 'Pranvayu' combines with deranged 'Kapha dosha' in the lungs
causing obstruction in the 'Pranavaha srotasa'(Respiratory passage).
This results in gasping and laboured breathing. This condition is known
as 'Swas Roga'
Types : Five types of 'Swas Roga' are described in Ayurvedic texts
Among these five types first three are not curable. 'Tamak-shwas is
'yapya'(Controllable) and is difficult to cure. The last one is
curable. More than 75% of the cases belong to last two catagories.
A] Factors related to diet:
Excessive indulgence in lablab beans ,black grams, raw milk, soar curd, excess salt, flesh of aquatic and wet land animals.
Excessive use of 'Ruksha'(dry) and 'Guru'(heavy) diet, excessive use of cold water and cold drinks.
Excessive use of 'Abhishandi'(Kapha producing) diet, Excessive use of not easily digestible and irritant food.
B] Factors related to work :
Excessive exposure to dust and smoke.
Excessive wind, cold, cold bath or excessive heat, sun bath.
Exhaustive exercise, walking, excessive sexual activities.
Supression of natural urges
C] Other Factors :
Trauma to vital organs viz. - chest, throat
Asthma may be as a sequaelae in other diseases like -
Fever, Long standing common cold, Tuberculosis , Anaemia, Heart disease, Poisoning etc.
Preventive Tips :
- Avoid cold and damp places.
- Go for morning or evening walk, do yoga mainly 'Pranayama'
- Avoid over eating . Take light dinner one hour before going to bed
- Avoid Tobacco, wine and smoking
- Keep rooms well ventilated . Avoid air conditioners, coolers and direct air of fan
- Avoid perfumes , Agarbatti. Mosquito repellents
- Drink boiled water in plenty
- Avoid over exercise and over indulgence in sex
A] During attacks - Apply warm 'Til tail' over chest and back .Apply fomentation
Take 'sunth powder'1/4 tea spoon+'Kali mirch' 6+'Kala namak 1/4
teaspoon+ 5 leaves of 'Tulsi' Boil this mixture in 200 ml water
reducing it to 50 ml. Filter and sip it.
Medicines -Ayurvedic medicines are very safe and cure the
problem to a great extent. Few common medicines are -Swaskuthar ras,
Sitopaladi choorna, Vasavleha etc.
B] Treatment in between Attacks - 'Rasayan -chikitsa is advocated for'Pranvaha shrotasa'(Respiratory system). For example -'Vardhaman pippali rasayana.'
Lung Tonic - Make paste of Black resin,dates,
long pippali and honey,in equal quantity.Take one teaspoonful of it
morning and evening with warm milk.
Panchakarma especially 'Vaman' is advocated before rainy season
Simple Home Remedies :
- Express the juice from garlic. Mix 10 to 15 drops in warm water and take internally for asthma relief.
- Mix, onion juice ¼ cup, honey 1 tablespoon and black pepper 1/8 tablespoon.
- Mix licorice and ginger together. Take ½ tablespoon in 1 cup of water for relief from asthma.
- Drink a glass of 2/3 carrot juice, 1/3 spinach juice, 3 times a day .
- Add 30-40 leaves of Basil in a liter of water, strain the leaves and drink the water throughout the day effective for asthma.
Ayurveda and Yoga therapy for Asthma
by Christine Machiraju
The prevalence of asthma in North
America has increased markedly in recent decades. Since the 1960s,
asthma and asthma symptoms among children and adolescents have
increased each decade by up to 75%,.
The United States and Canada have among the highest prevalences of both
asthma symptoms and diagnosed asthma for both children and adults.
Currently more than 1 North American in 10 has asthma, 35.5 million
Asthma is a chronic lung disease characterized by:
Asthma symptoms vary over time, and also differ in severity from one
individual to another. When it is not effectively treated, asthma often
leads to hospitalization, missed work and school, limitations on
physical activity, sleepless nights and in some cases death.
- recurrent breathing problems
- chest tightness
Asthma is often treated with steroids that actually weaken the lungs
when used long term and come with many side effects such as:
Dryness, candida or yeast infection, lowered immunity, thinning of bronchioles, rashes, psoriasis and many more.
The sciences of yoga and ayurveda suggest that there are many ways to prevent asthma and treat it as well
Types of asthma.
Ayurveda states that there are five types of asthma
determined by their range in difficulty to treat and three types based
on imbalance of:
· the air element - dry type asthma,
· fire element - infection type asthma
· water type - congestion type asthma
Who is at risk?
Dry type asthma is usually found in people who are tin,
frail and who have dry skin and constipation and are sensitive to cold
Infection type asthma is usually found in those who are hot, who are
prone to infection in general, who have red rashes on the skin or
psoriasis and who are prone to bronchitis.
Congestive type asthma is usually found in those who are heavier in
body weight, big boned, prone to colds and sinus congestion or chest
congestion and water retention and are sensitive to cold and humid
Upon seeing these characteristics what can we do to reduce our chances of developing asthma?
To treat dry type asthma - one
should increase fluid intake. This will help to increase moisture and
oxygen in the body. One should also keep the head, chest and back
covered on cool days and avoid exposure to wind. Massage the body daily
with sesame oil to add moisture to the body and try to eat foods that
are moist and warm rather than raw, cold and rough dry foods. Avoid
dairy products and nuts.
For infection type asthma- one
should drink plenty of water and avoid eating after 10:00 PM. Eating
late in the night can cause the accumulation of toxins in the body due
to improper digestion. One should also avoid deep fried foods, exertion
in the cold or heat and should try to eat more fruits and vegetables
rather than meats and dairy. If a person who is prone to infection type
asthma he or she should try to ingest more turmeric, Echinacea in the
form of tea and dandelion to prevent infections and boost the immune
system. Mediation and breathing exercises are also helpful for such
people as their asthma is usually related to stress and anger.
For congestive type asthma - one
should avoid dairy, wheat products, refined sugar and excess sweet,
sour and salty foods. They should try to eat bitter, astringent and
spicy foods to increase circulation and flow of mucus and to prevent
congestion. They can massage the chest and back with mustard oil to
promote circulation in the chest. Balm of Gilead is very effective when
rubbed on the chest. It can prevent a chest cold from turning into
pneumonia and can dilate the bronchial tubes to encourage deeper
People who are prone to this type of asthma should exercise daily and
try to do some cardio exercise for fifteen minutes per day. They should
also avoid eating before 10:00am and after 9:00pm to ensure that they
do not suffer from weak digestion which is the prime cause of asthma
for them. They should keep the head and torso covered on cool days and
avoid walking in the rain. It is important for them to drink hot water
or Luke warm water rather than cold water and they should avoid iced
beverages, ice cream and other cold foods to prevent mucus from
In general, all
people with asthma or chest problems should perform deep breathing
exercises daily and can add a few simple spices to their diets to help
keep their chests clear.
Ginger, turmeric, black pepper cumin can be ground together and mixed
with honey to create a paste. A teaspoon a day of this mixture is very
useful in keeping the chest clear.
Applying balm of Gilead, eucalyptus oil, cinnamon oil or clove oil to
the chest and back also helps to improve breathing. Note, essential
oils should be mixed with a base oil - sesame would be the best for
those with dry or infection type asthma or mustard for those with
congestion type asthma.
Below is a breathing technique than can be used to help increase lung capacity and stamina.
- It is very good for those who have asthma as it helps to
increase lung capacity and awareness of the lungs and the breathing
process. It also helps to soothe both body and mind.
- While inhaling, always remember that the body is being filled with air. When something is full it expands.
- When we exhale we are emptying the body, thus, it will contract or shrink as it is emptied.
- Also remember that unless otherwise mentioned, all breathing is done through the nose.
- Sit in a position
that is comfortable. The posture should be good. If the spine is not
straight, the body cannot fill to its full capacity.
- Sit with the
hands on the ribs and tummy and inhale. Fill the tummy first and then
feel the inhalation filling the rest of the lungs. Continue to breathe
until the throat is full and then immediately begin to exhale. Exhale
until the body is completely empty.
- Repeat this exercise four times.
- This breath can be performed anytime during the day to help you relax.
Many ailments can be treated with this breathing exercise because it increases the flow of oxygen to all parts of the body.
Note, for chronic
conditions or severe cases of asthma it is always better to consult a
qualified helath practitioner, but we have tried to provide you with
some simple tips to help improve your quality of living.